The condition and severity of heart disease determine the type of treatment. For example, lifestyle changes and medication are often good for treating coronary heart disease or CHD, but someone suffering from a heart rhythm problem would need an implant like a pacemaker to regularize the heartbeat. When you visit Julian Tan Heart Specialist Clinic in Singapore, the doctor will work out a treatment plan after diagnosing your problem.

Heart disease treatment mainly consists of medication and lifestyle changes.

Changes in lifestyle

Small changes in lifestyle can have a deep impact on your heart health and help to reduce the dangers of heart disease. Following a healthy diet, exercising regularly and some other good habits help to maintain a good heart. The changes are especially beneficial for those experiencing mild to moderate heart failure, and people can lead a normal life once again. The changes may include –

Quit smoking – Every puff of smoke laced with nicotine of tobacco that you inhale increases blood pressure and heart rate while the body receives less oxygen. Smoking causes stickiness in the blood vessels that lead to the heart. Quitting smoking would prevent further damage and improve heart condition.

Control your body weight – Since sudden weight gain is a sign of heart failure, ensure that you keep your body weight under control. Check the weight regularly and eat healthy foods that have less fat and carbohydrates. If you find an unusual weight increase consult your doctor immediately.

Limit fluid intake – Keep track of how much fluid you consume daily because if you suffer from heart failure, your body will likely retain fluid. Doctors prescribe sodium to reduce the heart’s workload and diuretics to get rid of extra water.

Avoid alcohol and caffeine – It is best to avoid alcohol but if you must drink, drink moderately. For men, it is one to two drinks a day, and for women, it is a single shot only. However, your doctor should agree to your desire for moderate drinking. The same applies to drinking tea or coffee that contains caffeine. Exceeding two cups of coffee per day is a no-no for maintaining a healthy heart.

Manage stress – Stress is a silent killer because many people fall prey to it unknowingly. Meditation and yoga are the best ways to control stress but even if it seems too much, at least sit quietly for 15-20 minutes every day and start thinking of some peaceful and serene scene and breathe deeply. In situations when you get angry, respond after a brief interval of about 10 seconds instead of any knee-jerk reaction.  

Follow a healthy diet plan – Include fruits and vegetables in good quantity in your diet in addition to whole grains, skinless poultry and fish, low-fat dairy products, non-tropical vegetable oils, and nuts and legumes. Be careful about consuming trans-fat, saturated fat, sodium, cholesterol red meat, sugar-sweetened beverages, and sweets.   

Lastly, do some exercise regularly whether it is walking, jogging, cycling, swimming or going to a gym. Maintain a routine so that you engage in physical activity every day. You will feel much fit and healthy that points to good heart health.